Saturday, November 25, 2006

Homosexuality and Bed-Wetting? Democrats to Revisit Policy on Gays in the Military

This week's Newsweek reports that the new Democratic Congress will take a fresh look at the 1993 "don't ask, don't tell" policy on homosexuals in the military. It turns out that the Pentagon has recently reclassified homosexuality, grouping it along with other deviant "conditions," such as bed-wetting, stuttering, and fear-of-flying:

With the Democrats in control of Congress, some activists are hoping they'll add a controversial issue to their to-do list: revisiting the "don't ask, don't tell" policy on gays in the military. Gay servicemembers have sought a policy change for years. Now, says Steve Ralls, spokesman for the Servicemembers Legal Defense Network, gay vets hope they might make some progress at a time when the military can't afford to turn away the willing and able. Last year the Pentagon discharged 742 service members for homosexuality, according to SLDN.

But making a change won't be easy: gay-rights advocates have seen a troubling signal from the Pentagon. Massachusetts Rep. Martin Meehan and the American Psychiatric Association complained last June when they learned the military's disability policy classified homosexuality as a mental disorder—something the APA stopped doing in 1973. Then the Pentagon quietly reclassified it in July. Last week Meehan and the APA complained once more: homosexuality has now been grouped with other "conditions, circumstances and defects" like bed-wetting, repeated venereal-disease infections and obesity. The reclassification is "even worse," says Aaron Belkin, who studies gays in the military at the University of California, Santa Barbara. "Now [homosexuality] is explicitly deemed to be a defect." Pentagon spokeswoman Cynthia Smith says the Defense Department does "not think homosexuality is a mental illness" and says the classification could be re-examined.

The gay question has long been a political quagmire. Since Bill Clinton waded into the controversy in 1993, more than two dozen former senior military officers have denounced "don't ask," including Gen. Wesley Clark and Gen. Claudia Kennedy. "We have a much friendlier environment now," says Ralls, citing a more accepting attitude by the "Will & Grace" generation. Gay British soldiers serve alongside Americans in Iraq and Afghanistan, sharing quarters. In Congress, Meehan has already introduced the Military Readiness Enhancement Act to replace "don't ask" with a nondiscrimination policy. He has 122 bipartisan cosponsors and hopes for hearings on the topic. Though GOP Rep. Duncan Hunter—a backer of "don't ask"—is on his way out as House Armed Services chair, his Democratic replacement, Rep. Ike Skelton, supports the current policy, too. And as the Pentagon's recent reclassification showed, there is still a long war ahead.

Don't ask, don't tell needs to get the boot. Aaron Belkin, who's quoted above, came in as an assistant professor at U.C. Santa Barbara during my last year in graduate school. Belkin's one of the country's top experts on gays and military service, and he helped establish the university's Center for the Study of Sexual Minorities in the Military.

In 2002, Belkin coauthored "A Modest Proposal: Privacy as a Flawed Rationale for the Exclusion of Gays and Lesbians from the U.S. Military," an excellent International Security article critical of Pentagon policy. One of the paper's main findings is that gay military service personnel -- in countries like Canada and Israel -- do not hamper combat effectiveness or troop morale. The prohibition against openly gay military service is bigoted and goes against the tradition of inclusion in American civil rights history -- and there are many patriotic gay Americans who would enrich the armed forces with their service. While I am critical of the political correctness of the radical left, this is one area where I don't think conservatives can sustain a strong claim in favor of policy continuation.

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